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The Global Emergency Medicine Wiki
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Cerebral Venous Thrombosis

Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare disorder involving occlusion of the venous sinus (most commonly superior sagittal and lateral sinuses) .  CVT is a very difficult diagnosis with a highly variable onset that may include visual, neurologic or even infectious like symptoms.  Predisposing factors include:

  • Cancer
  • Pregnancy
  • Local infections (otitis media, sinusitis, cellulitis)
  • Hypercoagulable states
  • Trauma
  • Drugs (ecstasy, androgens, OCPs)
  • Compression of venous sinus (tumor, abscess)

Suspect CVT in patients presenting with headache, signs of increased ICP, or focal neurologic deficits, especially if any of above predisposing factors are present.  Do not use a D-dimer to rule out CVT. The workup includes, an MRI and MRV unless there is a contraindication, then… Read more

Transplant Complications

This month’s newsletter highlights the many complications of patients with a transplant.… Read more

Pepper Spray Review

Pepper (oleoresin capsicum) spray is a commonly used riot-control and violence suppressive agent. It was first used by Federal Bureau of Investigation personnel in the US in 1973.  Commonly encountered effects include conjunctivitis, blepharospasm, and self induced corneal abrasions. Early decontamination minimizes the irritant effects.  Although the majority of the uses do not cause life threatening clinical effects many patients in custody or after exposure present to the Emergency Room. This wiki page will help you navigate the patient who just got Maced!Read more