Difference between revisions of "Benzodiazepines"

(Equivalent Oral Doses)
 
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| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Duration'''
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Duration'''
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Alprazolam]] (Xanax)||0.5mg
+
| [[Alprazolam]] (Xanax)||0.5mg|| ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Chlordiazepoxide]] (Librium)||25mg
+
| [[Chlordiazepoxide]] (Librium)||25mg|| ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Diazepam]] (Valium)||5mg
+
| [[Diazepam]] (Valium)||5mg|| ||
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Flurazepam]] (Dalmane)||15mg
+
| [[Flurazepam]] (Dalmane)||15mg|| ||
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Lorazepam]] (Ativan)||1mg||5-20 min (IV); 15-30 min (IM)||6-8 H
 
| [[Lorazepam]] (Ativan)||1mg||5-20 min (IV); 15-30 min (IM)||6-8 H
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| [[Midazolam]] (Versed)||5mg||15 min (IM)||2 H
 
| [[Midazolam]] (Versed)||5mg||15 min (IM)||2 H
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Oxazepam]] (Serax)||15mg
+
| [[Oxazepam]] (Serax)||15mg|| ||
 
|}
 
|}
  
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*[[Seizure#Treatment|Seizures]]
 
*[[Seizure#Treatment|Seizures]]
 
*[[Alcohol Withdrawal]]
 
*[[Alcohol Withdrawal]]
*Panic Disorder
+
*[[Panic attack|Panic disorder]], Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety
*Generalized Anxiety Disorder
+
*[[Insomnia]]
*Insomnia
 
*Anxiety
 
 
*Muscle Spasms
 
*Muscle Spasms
  
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*[[Benzodiazepine Toxicity]]
 
*[[Benzodiazepine Toxicity]]
 
*[[Intranasal Sedation]]
 
*[[Intranasal Sedation]]
 +
*[[Sedation (main)]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
[[Category:Pharmacology]]
+
[[Category:Pharmacology]] [[Category:Neurology]] [[Category:Psychiatry]]

Latest revision as of 23:39, 1 October 2019

Background

  • Class of GABA Receptor Agonists
  • Binding results in inhibition of neuronal firing

Table

Generic (Trade Name) Equivalent Oral Dose Onset Duration
Alprazolam (Xanax) 0.5mg
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) 25mg
Diazepam (Valium) 5mg
Flurazepam (Dalmane) 15mg
Lorazepam (Ativan) 1mg 5-20 min (IV); 15-30 min (IM) 6-8 H
Midazolam (Versed) 5mg 15 min (IM) 2 H
Oxazepam (Serax) 15mg

Uses

See Also

References