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  • Ascension of agent from conjunctiva into lacrimal glands
  • Anatomy
    Orbital and palpebral lobes.JPG
    • Two lobes: orbital and palpebral lobes
    • Palpebral lobe visualized by everting eyes
  • Uncommon, with 1/10,000 ophthalmic patients having dacryoadenitis


  • Viral most common (mumps, EBV, HSV, CMV, echoviruses, coxsackievirus A)
  • Bacterial
    • S. aureus and strep most common
    • GC, syphilitic, chlamydia, TB, mycobacterium leprae, borrelia burgdorferi
  • Fungal rare
  • Inflammatory systemic (sarcoid, Graves, Sjogren)

Clinical Features

  • Unilateral pain, redness, swelling, pressure in orbital supratemporal area
  • Rapid onset, hours to days
  • Chronic form > 1 mo
    • May be b/l
    • May be painless
    • More common than acute form
  • Physical exam
    • Chemosis, conjunctival injection, mucopurulent d/c
    • Propotosis
    • Swelling of lateral third of upper lid (S-shaped lid)
    • Systemic signs
      • Fever, URI, malaise
      • Parotid gland enlargement



  • Lacrimal gland tumor

Periorbital swelling


No proptosis

Lid Complications


Neonatal eye problems


  • Warm compresses
  • NSAIDs
  • Based on etiology
    • Bacterial - cephalexin 500 mg q6 until culture results
      • Add TMP-SMX (TMP 160 mg q12hr) if concern for MRSA
    • Protozoal or fungal - treat underlying infection
    • Systemic, inflammatory/noninfectious - investigate underlying etiology


  • Outpt ophtho referral