Dental avulsion

Revision as of 13:35, 9 February 2015 by Arsmd (talk | contribs) (dx additional info)

Background

  1. Dental emergency
  2. Often associated with alveolar ridge fracture

Diagnosis

  • Where is the tooth?
    • It may be intruded, aspirated, swallowed, or embedded in the oral mucosa
    • Consider facial films, CXR
  • Additional Injuries?
  • Age and head bleed risk?

Differential Diagnosis

Dentoalveolar Injuries

Odontogenic Infections

Other

Management

  1. Adult
    1. Replace avulsed tooth as soon as possible (as long as no alveolar ridge fx, no severe socket injury)
      1. If reimplanted within 1hr 66% chance of good outcome
      2. Rinse tooth in saline, suction socket (if necessary), reimplant tooth, bond tooth to neighboring teeth
      3. Manipulate tooth only by the crown
    2. Storage solution (in order of efficacy): Hank's balanced salt solution > Milk > saliva > saline
    3. Penicillin or clindamycin
  2. Child
    1. Do not reimplant primary teeth
      1. Refer to pedodontist for space maintainer

See Also

Source

  • ER Atlas
  • Tintinalli
  • UpToDate