Dependent personality disorder
A pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation
- Five (or more) of the following criteria, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts:
- Has difficulty making everyday decisions without an excessive amount of advice and reassurance from others.
- Needs others to assume responsibility for most major areas of his or her life.
- Has difficulty expressing disagreement with others because of fear of loss of support or approval.
- Has difficulty initiating projects or doing things on his or her own (because of a lack of self-confidence in judgment or abilities rather than a lack of motivation or energy).
- Goes to excessive lengths to obtain nurturance and support from others, to the point of volunteering to do things that are unpleasant.
- Feels uncomfortable or helpless when alone because of exaggerated fears of being unable to care for himself or herself.
- Urgently seeks another relationship as a source of care and support when a close relationship ends.
- Is unrealistically preoccupied with fears of being left to take care of himself or herself.
- Other personality disorders
- Personality change due to another medical condition
- Substance use disorders
A clinical diagnosis; however if entertaining other organic causes may initiate workup below
- Point-of-care glucose
- Chem 7
- ECG (for toxicology evaluation)
- ASA level
- Tylenol level
- Urine toxicology screen/Blood toxicology screen
- Urine pregnancy/beta-hCG (if female of childbearing age)
Referral for outpatient psychiatric treatment, as psychotherapy is the primary treatment.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.