Difference between revisions of "Flexion cervical teardrop fracture"

(Created page with "==Background== *Is an unstable spine injury ==Clinical Features== *Severe flexion > vertebral body colliding with the one below (shallow water di...")
 
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**Displacement of teardrop shaped fragment of antero-inferior portion of superior vertebra
 
**Displacement of teardrop shaped fragment of antero-inferior portion of superior vertebra
 
**Leads to posterior displacement of vertebral body and disruption of posterior longitudinal ligament
 
**Leads to posterior displacement of vertebral body and disruption of posterior longitudinal ligament
*Associated with acute anterior cervical cord syndrome
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*Frequently occurs with spinal cord injury<ref>Fujimura, Y., Nishi, Y., Chiba, K. and Kobayashi, K. (1995) ‘Prognosis of neurological deficits associated with upper cervical spine injuries’, Spinal Cord, 33(4), pp. 195–202.</ref>
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**Associated with acute anterior cervical cord syndrome
  
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
 
==Differential Diagnosis==

Revision as of 09:03, 19 December 2015

Background

Clinical Features

  • Severe flexion > vertebral body colliding with the one below (shallow water diving injury, MVC deceleration)
  • Most commonly at C5-C6
    • Displacement of teardrop shaped fragment of antero-inferior portion of superior vertebra
    • Leads to posterior displacement of vertebral body and disruption of posterior longitudinal ligament
  • Frequently occurs with spinal cord injury[1]
    • Associated with acute anterior cervical cord syndrome

Differential Diagnosis

Vertebral fractures and dislocations types

Vertebral anatomy.

Workup

Management

Prehospital Immobilization

See NAEMSP National Guidelines for Spinal Immobilization

Hospital

  • C-collar
  • Consult ortho or spine as needed

Disposition

  • Admit

See Also

  • Fujimura, Y., Nishi, Y., Chiba, K. and Kobayashi, K. (1995) ‘Prognosis of neurological deficits associated with upper cervical spine injuries’, Spinal Cord, 33(4), pp. 195–202.