Flexion cervical teardrop fracture: Difference between revisions

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==Background==
==Background==
*Is an [[unstable spine fractures|unstable spine injury]]
*Is an [[unstable spine fractures|unstable spine injury]]
{{Vertebral fractures and dislocations types}}


==Clinical Features==
==Clinical Features==
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==Differential Diagnosis==
==Differential Diagnosis==
{{Cervical spine injuries}}
{{Blunt neck trauma DDX}}


==Workup==
==Evaluation==
*Cervical xrays or CT


==Management==
==Management==
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[[Category:Trauma]]
[[Category:Trauma]]
[[Category:Ortho]]
[[Category:Orthopedics]]

Latest revision as of 13:18, 24 October 2020

Background

Vertebral fractures and dislocations types

Vertebral anatomy.

Clinical Features

  • Severe flexion > vertebral body colliding with the one below (shallow water diving injury, MVC deceleration)
  • Most commonly at C5-C6
    • Displacement of teardrop shaped fragment of antero-inferior portion of superior vertebra
    • Leads to posterior displacement of vertebral body and disruption of posterior longitudinal ligament
  • Frequently occurs with spinal cord injury[1]
    • Associated with acute anterior cervical cord syndrome

Differential Diagnosis

Neck Trauma

Evaluation

  • Cervical xrays or CT

Management

Prehospital Immobilization

See NAEMSP National Guidelines for Spinal Immobilization

Hospital

  • C-collar
  • Consult ortho or spine as needed

Disposition

  • Admit

See Also

References

  1. Fujimura, Y., Nishi, Y., Chiba, K. and Kobayashi, K. (1995) ‘Prognosis of neurological deficits associated with upper cervical spine injuries’, Spinal Cord, 33(4), pp. 195–202.