Difference between revisions of "Healthcare occupational exposure to blood or other body fluids"

Line 12: Line 12:
 
***CBC, C7, LFTs, pregnancy test
 
***CBC, C7, LFTs, pregnancy test
  
==HIV==
+
==Management==
*[[HIV Prophylaxis (Non-Occupational)]]
+
*Consider [[HIV post-exposure prophylaxis]]
*[[HIV Prophylaxis (Occupational)]]
 
  
==Hep B==
+
===Hep B===
 
# risk of infc 2- 30% after needle stick
 
# risk of infc 2- 30% after needle stick
 
# can survive on dried blood for 1 wk
 
# can survive on dried blood for 1 wk
Line 29: Line 28:
 
--> HBIG + vaccine
 
--> HBIG + vaccine
  
==Hep C==
+
===Hep C===
 
# no prophylaxsis
 
# no prophylaxsis
 
# no interferon, no antivirals, no globulin
 
# no interferon, no antivirals, no globulin
Line 41: Line 40:
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 +
*[[HIV post-exposure prophylaxis]]
 
*[[Harbor: Occupational Exposure]]
 
*[[Harbor: Occupational Exposure]]
 
*www.needlestick.mednet.ucla.edu
 
*www.needlestick.mednet.ucla.edu

Revision as of 04:35, 15 January 2015

Background

  • Frequently from needlestick injuries or other occupational exposures to bodily fluids

Workup

  • In many systems, a standardized baseline lab panel is sent in the ED and then followed up at employee health the next day
  • Frequently, the only actionable lab on the day of exposure is a rapid HIV test from the source patient (for consideration of PEP)
  • Source labs
    • Rapid HIV, hep pannel, RPR?
  • Exposed labs
    • Rapid HIV (if considering PEP only), hep pannel, RPR?
    • If considering PEP
      • CBC, C7, LFTs, pregnancy test

Management

Hep B

  1. risk of infc 2- 30% after needle stick
  2. can survive on dried blood for 1 wk
  3. found in all fluids but highest conc in blood and therefore highest risk with blood
  4. hep b surface antibodies confers life long immunity
  5. don't need to test pt or source if pt certain fully/ successfully immunized- antibodies > 10 IU at some time
  6. if pt not successfully immunized, give hep b immune globulin
  7. failed 3 shots/ 1 series- give hep booster and immune globulin x 2 doses over 1 mo
  8. failed 6 shots/ 2 series- give sequential immune globulin

Patient Unvaccinated, Source Pos --> HBIG + vaccine

Hep C

  1. no prophylaxsis
  2. no interferon, no antivirals, no globulin
  3. not xmitted efficiently through needle stick- 2% rate
  4. get basline hcv test and ALT

Post Exp Viral Hep Counseling

  1. can still breast feed
  2. no organ/ blood donation
  3. no worry about modifiying sex pattern or becoming preg

See Also

Source