Hirschsprung's disease: Difference between revisions

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**Rectal prolapse
**Rectal prolapse
*Obstruction symptoms
*Obstruction symptoms
**Neonatal toxic megacolon may occur
**Neonatal [[toxic megacolon]] may occur
***Distended abdomen, bilious vomiting, enterocolitis
***Distended abdomen, [[Nausea and vomiting (peds)|bilious vomiting]], enterocolitis
*Enterocolitis
*Enterocolitis
**Diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal distention, fever
**[[Diarrhea (peds)|Diarrhea]], rectal bleeding, abdominal distention, [[fever]]


==Differential Diagnosis==
==Differential Diagnosis==

Revision as of 17:53, 9 July 2016

Background

  • Congenital aganglionosis of colon
    • Usually rectosigmoid area
      • Short segment affects rectum and small amount of distal colon
      • Long segment affects more of colon, proximal intestine
    • Rarely involves more proximal intestine
  • 30% associated with a syndrome
  • 1:5,000 live births

Clinical Features

  • Delayed meconium passage after birth
  • 80% present within first month of life
    • May have delayed presentation in milder disease
  • Chronic constipation
    • Encopresis
    • Rectal prolapse
  • Obstruction symptoms
  • Enterocolitis

Differential Diagnosis

Infant Constipation

Evaluation

  • KUB distended colon, empty rectum
    • Enterocolitis: distention, bowel wall thickening
    • Obstruction: air fluid levels
  • Diagnosis requires rectal biopsy (consult GI)

Management

  • Consult pediatric surgeon for operative management
  • Treat enterocolitis with broad spectrum antibiotics

Disposition

  • Admit if symptoms of obstruction, enterocolitis

See Also

External Links

References