Difference between revisions of "Neisseria meningitidis"

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==[[Antibiotic Sensitivities]]<ref>Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014</ref>==
 
==[[Antibiotic Sensitivities]]<ref>Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014</ref>==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Category'''
 +
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Antibiotic'''
 +
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Sensitivity'''
 +
|-
 +
| [[Penicillins]]||[[Penicillin G]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Penicillin V]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| [[Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins]]||[[Methicillin]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Nafcillin]]/[[Oxacillin]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Cloxacillin]]/[[Diclox.]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| Amino-[[Penicillins]]||[[AMP]]/[[Amox]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Amox-Clav]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[AMP-Sulb]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| Anti-Pseudomonal [[Penicillins]]||[[Ticarcillin]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Ticar-Clav]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Pip-Tazo]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||Piperacillin||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| [[Carbapenems]]||Doripenem||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Ertapenem]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Imipenem]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Meropenem]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Aztreonam]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| [[Fluroquinolones]]||[[Ciprofloxacin]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Ofloxacin]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||Pefloxacin||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Levofloxacin]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Moxifloxacin]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||Gemifloxacin||X1
 +
|-
 +
| ||Gatifloxacin||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| 1st G [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefazolin]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| 2nd G. [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefotetan]]||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Cefoxitin]]||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Cefuroxime]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| 3rd/4th G. [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefotaxime]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||Cefizoxime||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[CefTRIAXone]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||Ceftaroline||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[CefTAZidime]]||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Cefepime]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| Oral 1st G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefadroxil||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Cephalexin]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| Oral 2nd G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefaclor/Loracarbef||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||Cefproxil||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||Cefuroxime axetil||I
 +
|-
 +
| Oral 3rd G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefixime||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||Ceftibuten||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren||X1
 +
|-
 +
| [[Aminoglycosides]]||[[Gentamicin]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||Tobramycin||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Amikacin]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Chloramphenicol]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Clindamycin]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| [[Macrolides]]||Erythromycin||X2
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Azithromycin]]||X2
 +
|-
 +
| ||Clarithromycin||X1
 +
|-
 +
| Ketolide||Telithromycin||X2
 +
|-
 +
| Tetracyclines||[[Doxycycline]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||Minocycline||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| Glycylcycline||Tigecycline||X1
 +
|-
 +
| ||Daptomycin||R
 +
|-
 +
| Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides||[[Vancomycin]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||Teicoplanin||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||Telavancin||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||Fusidic Acid||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||Trimethoprim||I
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[TMP-SMX]]||X2
 +
|-
 +
| Urinary Agents||[[Nitrofurantoin]]||X1
 +
|-
 +
| ||Fosfomycin||X1
 +
|-
 +
| Other||[[Rifampin]]||'''S'''
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Metronidazole]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||Quinupristin dalfoppristin||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Linezolid]]||R
 +
|-
 +
| ||Colistimethate||R
 +
|}
  
 
===Key===
 
===Key===

Revision as of 01:46, 24 June 2014

Background

Antibiotic Sensitivities[1]

Category Antibiotic Sensitivity
Penicillins Penicillin G S
Penicillin V R
Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins Methicillin R
Nafcillin/Oxacillin R
Cloxacillin/Diclox. R
Amino-Penicillins AMP/Amox S
Amox-Clav S
AMP-Sulb S
Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins Ticarcillin S
Ticar-Clav S
Pip-Tazo S
Piperacillin S
Carbapenems Doripenem S
Ertapenem S
Imipenem S
Meropenem S
Aztreonam S
Fluroquinolones Ciprofloxacin S
Ofloxacin S
Pefloxacin S
Levofloxacin S
Moxifloxacin S
Gemifloxacin X1
Gatifloxacin S
1st G Cephalo Cefazolin R
2nd G. Cephalo Cefotetan I
Cefoxitin I
Cefuroxime S
3rd/4th G. Cephalo Cefotaxime S
Cefizoxime I
CefTRIAXone S
Ceftaroline S
CefTAZidime I
Cefepime S
Oral 1st G. Cephalo Cefadroxil R
Cephalexin R
Oral 2nd G. Cephalo Cefaclor/Loracarbef I
Cefproxil I
Cefuroxime axetil I
Oral 3rd G. Cephalo Cefixime I
Ceftibuten I
Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren X1
Aminoglycosides Gentamicin R
Tobramycin R
Amikacin R
Chloramphenicol S
Clindamycin R
Macrolides Erythromycin X2
Azithromycin X2
Clarithromycin X1
Ketolide Telithromycin X2
Tetracyclines Doxycycline S
Minocycline S
Glycylcycline Tigecycline X1
Daptomycin R
Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides Vancomycin R
Teicoplanin R
Telavancin R
Fusidic Acid S
Trimethoprim I
TMP-SMX X2
Urinary Agents Nitrofurantoin X1
Fosfomycin X1
Other Rifampin S
Metronidazole R
Quinupristin dalfoppristin R
Linezolid R
Colistimethate R

Key

  • S susceptible/sensitive (usually)
  • I intermediate (variably susceptible/resistant)
  • R resistant (or not effective clinically)
  • S+ synergistic with cell wall antibiotics
  • U sensitive for UTI only (non systemic infection)
  • X1 no data
  • X2 active in vitro, but not used clinically
  • X3 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for Group A strep pharyngitis or infections due to E. faecalis
  • X4 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for strep pneumonia

Table Overview

See Also

References

  1. Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014