Difference between revisions of "Penicillins"

(Types (with Indications))
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==Types (with Indications)==
 
==Types (with Indications)==
*'''Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]]'''
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*'''Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])'''
** Strep Pharyngitis (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and Necrotizing Fascitis
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** [[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
*** Penicillin ''plus'' clindamycin (to decrease toxin synthesis)
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*** Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
** Meningococcus Meningitis
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** [[Meningococcu]]s [[Meningitis]]
** Syphilis (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
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** [[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
 
** Actinomycosis
 
** Actinomycosis
** Anthrax
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** [[Anthrax]]
 
** Clostridial infections
 
** Clostridial infections
** Listeria
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** [[Listeria]]
** Pasteurella
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** [[Pasteurella]]
 
* Penicilinase-Resistant Penicillins
 
* Penicilinase-Resistant Penicillins
 
** Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
 
** Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin

Revision as of 19:44, 25 March 2014

Types (with Indications)

  • Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G and Penicillin V)
  • Penicilinase-Resistant Penicillins
    • Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
      • Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
  • Expanded-Spectrum Penicillins
    • Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)
      • Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
        • Sinusitis
        • Otitis media
        • Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
      • Listeria
  • Antipseudomonal Penicillins
    • Piperacillin
      • Infection following burns
      • Neutropenia

See Also

Source

Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology