Difference between revisions of "Penicillins"

(Types with Common Indications)
(Types with Common Indications)
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==Types with Common Indications==
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=Types with Common Indications=
*'''Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])'''
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==Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])==
** [[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
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*[[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
*** Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
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** Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
** [[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
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*[[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
** [[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
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*[[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
** Actinomycosis
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*Actinomycosis
** [[Anthrax]]
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*[[Anthrax]]
** Clostridial infections
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*Clostridial infections
** [[Listeria]]
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*[[Listeria]]
** [[Pasteurella]]
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*[[Pasteurella]]
* '''Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins'''
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==Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins==
** Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
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===Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin===
*** Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
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*Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
*'''Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins'''
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==Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins==
** Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)
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===Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)===
*** Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
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*Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
**** [[Sinusitis]]
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**[[Sinusitis]]
**** [[Otitis Media]]
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**[[Otitis Media]]
**** Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
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**Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
*** Listeria
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*Listeria
* '''Antipseudomonal Penicillins'''
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==Antipseudomonal Penicillins==
** Piperacillin
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===Piperacillin===
*** Infection following burns
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*Infection following burns
*** Neutropenia
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*Neutropenia
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==

Revision as of 19:22, 7 November 2014

Types with Common Indications

Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G and Penicillin V)

Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins

Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin

  • Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant

Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins

Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)

  • Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
  • Listeria

Antipseudomonal Penicillins

Piperacillin

  • Infection following burns
  • Neutropenia

See Also

Source

Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology