Difference between revisions of "Penicillins"

(Types (with Indications))
(Text replacement - " amoxicillin " to " amoxicillin ")
 
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==Types (with Indications)==
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=Types with Common Indications=
*'''Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])'''
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==Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])==
** [[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
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*[[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
*** Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
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**Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
** [[Meningococcu]]s [[Meningitis]]
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*[[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
** [[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
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*[[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
** Actinomycosis
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*Actinomycosis
** [[Anthrax]]
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*[[Anthrax]]
** Clostridial infections
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*Clostridial infections
** [[Listeria]]
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*[[Listeria]]
** [[Pasteurella]]
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*[[Pasteurella]]
* Penicilinase-Resistant Penicillins
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==Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins==
** Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
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===[[Nafcillin]], [[oxacillin]], [[dicloxacillin]]===
*** Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
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*Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
*'''Expanded-Spectrum Penicillins'''
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==Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins==
** Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)
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===Ampicillin, [[amoxicillin]] (+ clavulanate)===
*** Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
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*Upper Respiratory Infections (due to [[S. pyogenes]], [[S. pneumoniae]], [[H. influenzae]])
**** Sinusitis
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**[[Sinusitis]]
**** Otitis media
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**[[Otitis Media]]
**** Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
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**Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
*** Listeria
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*[[Listeria]]
* Antipseudomonal Penicillins
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==Antipseudomonal Penicillins==
** Piperacillin
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===[[Piperacillin]]===
*** Infection following burns
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*Infection following burns
*** Neutropenia
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*Neutropenia
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
*[[Antibiotics (Main)]]
 
*[[Antibiotics (Main)]]
  
==Source==
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==References==
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<references/>
 
Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology
 
Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology
  
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[[Category:ID]]
 
[[Category:ID]]
[[Category:Drugs]]
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[[Category:Pharmacology]]

Latest revision as of 11:46, 8 September 2016

Types with Common Indications

Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G and Penicillin V)

Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins

Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin

  • Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant

Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins

Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)

Antipseudomonal Penicillins

Piperacillin

  • Infection following burns
  • Neutropenia

See Also

References

Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology