Difference between revisions of "Penicillins"

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==Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])==
 
==Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])==
 
*[[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
 
*[[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
** Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
+
**Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
 
*[[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
 
*[[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
 
*[[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
 
*[[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
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*Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
 
*Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
 
==Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins==
 
==Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins==
===Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)===
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===Ampicillin, [[amoxicillin]] (+ clavulanate)===
 
*Upper Respiratory Infections (due to [[S. pyogenes]], [[S. pneumoniae]], [[H. influenzae]])
 
*Upper Respiratory Infections (due to [[S. pyogenes]], [[S. pneumoniae]], [[H. influenzae]])
 
**[[Sinusitis]]
 
**[[Sinusitis]]

Latest revision as of 11:46, 8 September 2016

Types with Common Indications

Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G and Penicillin V)

Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins

Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin

  • Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant

Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins

Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)

Antipseudomonal Penicillins

Piperacillin

  • Infection following burns
  • Neutropenia

See Also

References

Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology