Difference between revisions of "Peripartum cardiomyopathy"

(Clinical Features)
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==Clinical Features==
==Clinical Features==
*Peripartum with presentation similar to typical [[CHF]]
==Differential Diagnosis==
==Differential Diagnosis==

Revision as of 04:54, 2 April 2019


  • Uncommon cause of heart failure
  • Usually occurs in last month of pregnancy or first five months postpartum

Clinical Features

  • Peripartum with presentation similar to typical CHF

Differential Diagnosis

  • Respiratory tract infection
  • PE
  • MI
  • Postpartum fluid overload


3rd Trimester/Postpartum Emergencies




  • 4 criteria needed to meet definition for PPCM:
    • Development of heart failure in last month of pregnancy or within 5 month postpartum
    • No identifiable alternate cause of heart failure
    • No pre-existing heart disease
    • LV ejection fraction < 45%


  • Treat like usual heart failure (except avoid nitroprusside and ACEI)



  • Mortality rate up to 10%
  • High risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies
  • Many patients recover within 3 to 6 months of disease onset

See Also


  1. Bhattacharyya A et Al. Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: A Review. Tex Heart Inst J. 2012; 39(1): 8–16.
  • Elkayam U et al. Pregnancy-associated cardiomyopathy: clinical characteristics and a comparison between early and late presentation. Circulation. 2005 Apr 26; 111(16): 2050-5.