Difference between revisions of "Pulmonary barotrauma"

(Text replacement - "==Diagnosis==" to "==Evaluation==")
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==Background==
 
==Background==
 
*Occurs when diver breathing compressed air ascends too rapidly
 
*Occurs when diver breathing compressed air ascends too rapidly
 +
 +
==Clinical Features==
 
*Symptoms occur minutes to hours after surfacing
 
*Symptoms occur minutes to hours after surfacing
 
**Can occur without rapid ascent in patients with obstructive lung disease
 
**Can occur without rapid ascent in patients with obstructive lung disease
*Lung rupture can lead to pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, or air embolism
+
*Lung rupture can lead to:
**Pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax do not require recompression
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**[[Pneumomediastinum]]
 
+
**[[Pneumothorax]]
==Clinical Features==
+
**[[Air embolism]]
  
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
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==Evaluation==
 
==Evaluation==
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*Clinical diagnosis; do not delay intervention for studies
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*[[CXR]]
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*Assess for alternate etiologies
  
 
==Management==
 
==Management==
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*[[Pneumomediastinum]] and [[pneumothorax]] do ''not'' require recompression; see management section on those pages
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*[[Air embolism]]
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**IVF (increases tissue perfusion)
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**Rapid recompression
  
 
==Disposition==
 
==Disposition==

Revision as of 23:22, 2 September 2019

Background

  • Occurs when diver breathing compressed air ascends too rapidly

Clinical Features

Differential Diagnosis

Diving Emergencies

Barotrauma Types

Evaluation

  • Clinical diagnosis; do not delay intervention for studies
  • CXR
  • Assess for alternate etiologies

Management

Disposition

See Also

External Links

References