Difference between revisions of "Pulmonary barotrauma"

(Text replacement - "Category:Pulm" to "Category:Pulmonary")
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==Background==
 
==Background==
 
*Occurs when diver breathing compressed air ascends too rapidly
 
*Occurs when diver breathing compressed air ascends too rapidly
*Symptoms occur minutes to hours after surfacing
 
**Can occur without rapid ascent in pts w/ obstructive lung disease
 
*Lung rupture can lead to pneumomediastinum, pneumothorax, or air embolism
 
**Pneumomediastinum and pneumothorax do not require recompression
 
  
 
==Clinical Features==
 
==Clinical Features==
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*Symptoms occur minutes to hours after surfacing
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**Can occur without rapid ascent in patients with obstructive lung disease
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*Lung rupture can lead to:
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**[[Pneumomediastinum]]
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**[[Pneumothorax]]
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**[[Air embolism]]
  
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
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{{Barotrauma types}}
 
{{Barotrauma types}}
  
==Diagnosis==
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==Evaluation==
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*Clinical diagnosis; do not delay intervention for studies
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*[[CXR]]
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*Assess for alternate etiologies
  
 
==Management==
 
==Management==
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*[[Pneumomediastinum]] and [[pneumothorax]] do ''not'' require recompression; see management section on those pages
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*[[Air embolism]]
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**IVF (increases tissue perfusion)
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**Rapid recompression
  
 
==Disposition==
 
==Disposition==
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==See Also==
 
==See Also==
 
*[[Pneumomediastinum]]
 
*[[Pneumomediastinum]]
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*[[Scuba diving emergencies]]
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*[[Diving medicine]]
  
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==

Latest revision as of 18:00, 19 July 2020

Background

  • Occurs when diver breathing compressed air ascends too rapidly

Clinical Features

Differential Diagnosis

Diving Emergencies

Barotrauma Types

Evaluation

  • Clinical diagnosis; do not delay intervention for studies
  • CXR
  • Assess for alternate etiologies

Management

Disposition

See Also

External Links

References