Difference between revisions of "Rheumatoid arthritis"

(Text replacement - "Category:Rheum" to "Category:Rheumatology")
(Management)
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*[[Opiods]] have a limited role
 
*[[Opiods]] have a limited role
 
*Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)
 
*Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)
**Can be started by PMD or Rheumatologist after ER visit
+
**Can be started by primary care provider or rheumatologist after ER visit
  
 
==Disposition==
 
==Disposition==

Revision as of 00:50, 14 July 2016

Background

  • Erosive polyarthritis

Clinical Features

  • Morning stiffness
  • Polyarthritis of MCP and PIP joints
    • Does NOT involve DIP joints
    • Wrists, elbows, shoulders, ankles, knees also commonly involved
  • Ulnar deviation at the wrist
  • Rheumatoid nodules

Differential Diagnosis

Polyarthritis

Algorithm for Polyarticular arthralgia

Diagnosis

  • Xray affected joints
  • Rheumatoid factor
  • Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies
  • ANA
  • Consider arthrocentesis
    • WBC count typically 1,500-20,000

Management

  • NSAIDs
    • Symptomatic relief without slowing underlying disease
  • Glucocorticoids
    • Consider intraarticular injection if a single joint is inflammed
    • Systemic steroids reserved for moderate-severe flairs
  • Opiods have a limited role
  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD)
    • Can be started by primary care provider or rheumatologist after ER visit

Disposition

  • Refer to PMD or rheumatologist

See Also

References