Difference between revisions of "Rickets"

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==Background==
 
*Preventable condition in infants and children that is attributed to [[Vitamin D deficiency]] and [[Hypocalcemia]]
 
*Extreme deficiency leading to decrease bone mineralization in children, with or without hypocalcemia
 
*Risk factors for [[Vitamin D deficiency]] in infants include:
 
**Exclusive breastfed infants without vitamin D supplementation
 
**Dark skin pigmentation
 
**Maternal [[Vitamin D deficiency]]
 
***In utero, 25-hydroxyvitamin D passes through the placenta to the infant
 
  
==Clinical Features==
 
*Peak incidence between 3 and 18 months of age
 
*Enlarged skull, joints of long bones, and rib cage
 
*Curvature of the spine and femurs
 
*Generalized muscle weakness
 
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
 
 
==Evaluation==
 
 
==Management==
 
*Prevention key:
 
**For healthy infants, children, and adolescents recommend a vitamin D intake of at least 400 IU/day
 
 
==Disposition==
 
 
==See Also==
 
 
==External Links==
 
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 

Revision as of 05:55, 13 January 2017