Difference between revisions of "Rickets"

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==Background==
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*Preventable condition in infants and children that is attributed to [[Vitamin D deficiency]] and [[Hypocalcemia]]
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*Extreme deficiency leading to decrease bone mineralization in children, with or without hypocalcemia
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*Risk factors for [[Vitamin D deficiency]] in infants include:
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**Exclusive breastfed infants without vitamin D supplementation
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**Dark skin pigmentation
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**Maternal [[Vitamin D deficiency]]
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***In utero, 25-hydroxyvitamin D passes through the placenta to the infant
  
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==Clinical Features==
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*Peak incidence between 3 and 18 months of age
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*Enlarged skull, joints of long bones, and rib cage
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*Curvature of the spine and femurs
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*Generalized muscle weakness
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==Differential Diagnosis==
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==Evaluation==
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==Management==
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*Prevention key:
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**For healthy infants, children, and adolescents recommend a vitamin D intake of at least 400 IU/day
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==Disposition==
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==See Also==
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==External Links==
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==References==
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<references/>

Revision as of 05:57, 13 January 2017

Background

  • Preventable condition in infants and children that is attributed to Vitamin D deficiency and Hypocalcemia
  • Extreme deficiency leading to decrease bone mineralization in children, with or without hypocalcemia
  • Risk factors for Vitamin D deficiency in infants include:
    • Exclusive breastfed infants without vitamin D supplementation
    • Dark skin pigmentation
    • Maternal Vitamin D deficiency
      • In utero, 25-hydroxyvitamin D passes through the placenta to the infant

Clinical Features

  • Peak incidence between 3 and 18 months of age
  • Enlarged skull, joints of long bones, and rib cage
  • Curvature of the spine and femurs
  • Generalized muscle weakness

Differential Diagnosis

Evaluation

Management

  • Prevention key:
    • For healthy infants, children, and adolescents recommend a vitamin D intake of at least 400 IU/day

Disposition

See Also

External Links

References