Difference between revisions of "Scombroid"

(Background)
(Clinical Features)
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==Clinical Features==
 
==Clinical Features==
 
*Symptoms generally start within one hour of ingestion, and usually resolves within 12 hours (if untreated)
 
*Symptoms generally start within one hour of ingestion, and usually resolves within 12 hours (if untreated)
*Flushing, warmth, erythematous rash, palpitations, dizziness, diarrhea
+
*Flushing, warmth, erythematous and urticarial rash, palpitations, dizziness, diarrhea, perioral burning, itching, or edema
 
*May also see severe throbbing headache, blurred vision, tachycardia, and respiratory distress
 
*May also see severe throbbing headache, blurred vision, tachycardia, and respiratory distress
  

Revision as of 03:34, 22 October 2018

Background

  • Caused by eating fish which have been improperly stored/refrigerated
    • Bacteria grow and produce heat-stable toxin that causes histamine release when consumed[1]
    • Patient may complain that the fish tasted like pepper, metallic, or bitter
  • Commonly associated fish include: tuna, bluefish, mahi-mahi, herring, mackerel, skip-jack, sardine, and bonito
  • May also occur with consumption of contaminated Swiss cheese
  • Frequently misdiagnosed as seafood allergy

Clinical Features

  • Symptoms generally start within one hour of ingestion, and usually resolves within 12 hours (if untreated)
  • Flushing, warmth, erythematous and urticarial rash, palpitations, dizziness, diarrhea, perioral burning, itching, or edema
  • May also see severe throbbing headache, blurred vision, tachycardia, and respiratory distress

Differential Diagnosis

  • Ciguatera - similar clinical presentation, different fish

Acute allergic reaction

Erythematous rash

Evaluation

  • Generally clinical diagnosis

Management

  • Antihistamines - give both H1 and H2 antagonists
  • Consider epinephrine, albuterol if symptoms of respiratory distress

Disposition

  • Generally may be discharged

See Also

References

  1. Craig SA, Zich DK: Gastroenteritis, in Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al (eds): Rosen’s Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice, ed 7. St. Louis, Mosby, Inc., 2010, (Ch) 92:p 1211-1222