Difference between revisions of "Strep. Groups A, B, C, G"

(not good fit for crosslink)
 
(11 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
==Antibiotic Sensitivities<ref>Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2010</ref>==
+
==Background==
 +
*[[Gram Positive]] cocci in pairs/chains
 +
*Streptococcus pyogenes = Group A
 +
 
 +
==[[Antibiotic Sensitivities]]<ref>Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014</ref>==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Organisms'''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Category'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Antibiotic'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Strep, Group A, B, C, G'''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[Strep. Group A, B, C, G]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| Penicillins||Penicillin G||+
+
| [[Penicillins]]||[[Penicillin G]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Penicillin V||+
+
| ||[[Penicillin V]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins||Methicillin||+
+
| ||[[Methicillin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Nafcillin/Oxacillin||+
+
| ||[[Nafcillin]]/[[Oxacillin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cloxacillin/Diclox.||+
+
| ||[[Cloxacillin]]/[[Diclox.]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Amino-Penicillins||AMP/Amox||+
+
| Amino-[[Penicillins]]||[[AMP]]/[[Amox]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Amox/Clav||+
+
| ||[[Amox-Clav]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||AMP-Sulb||+
+
| ||[[AMP-Sulb]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins||Ticarcillin||+
+
| Anti-Pseudomonal [[Penicillins]]||[[Ticarcillin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ticar-Clav||+
+
| ||[[Ticar-Clav]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Pip-Taxo||+
+
| ||[[Pip-Tazo]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Carbapenems||Piperacillin||+
+
| ||Piperacillin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Doripenem||+
+
| [[Carbapenems]]||Doripenem||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ertapenem||+
+
| ||[[Ertapenem]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Imipenem||+
+
| ||[[Imipenem]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Meropenem||+
+
| ||[[Meropenem]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Aztreonam||0
+
| ||[[Aztreonam]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| Fluroquinolones||Ciprofloxacin||+/-
+
| [[Fluroquinolones]]||[[Ciprofloxacin]]||I
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ofloxacin||+/-
+
| ||[[Ofloxacin]]||I
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Pefloxacin||0
+
| ||Pefloxacin||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Levofloxacin||+
+
| ||[[Levofloxacin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Moxifloxacin||+
+
| ||[[Moxifloxacin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Gemifloxacin||+
+
| ||Gemifloxacin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Gatifloxacin||+
+
| ||Gatifloxacin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| 1st G Cephalo||Cefazolin||+
+
| 1st G [[Cephalo]]||Cefazolin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| 2nd G. Ceph||Cefotetan||+
+
| 2nd G. [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefotetan]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefoxitin||+
+
| ||[[Cefoxitin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefuroxime||+
+
| ||[[Cefuroxime]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| 3rd/4th G. Ceph||Cefotaxime||+
+
| 3rd/4th G. [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefotaxime]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefizoxime||+
+
| ||Cefizoxime||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||CefTRIAXone||+
+
| ||[[CefTRIAXone]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ceftobiprole||+
+
| ||Ceftaroline||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ceftaroline||+
+
| ||[[CefTAZidime]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||CefTAZidime||+
+
| ||[[Cefepime]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefepime||+
+
| Oral 1st G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefadroxil||S
 
|-
 
|-
| 1st G. Ceph||Cefadroxil||+
+
| ||[[Cephalexin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cephalexin||+
+
| Oral 2nd G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefaclor/Loracarbef||S
 
|-
 
|-
| 2nd G. Ceph||Cefaclor/Loracarbef||+
+
| ||Cefproxil||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefproxil||+
+
| ||Cefuroxime axetil||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefuroxime axetil||+
+
| Oral 3rd G. [[Cephalo]]||Cefixime||S
 
|-
 
|-
| 3rd G. Ceph||Cefixime||+
+
| ||Ceftibuten||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Ceftibuten||+
+
| ||Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren||+
+
| [[Aminoglycosides]]||[[Gentamicin]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| Aminoglycosides||Gentamicin||0
+
| ||Tobramycin||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Tobramycin||0
+
| ||[[Amikacin]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Amikacin||0
+
| ||[[Chloramphenicol]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Chloramphenicol||+
+
| ||[[Clindamycin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Clindamycin||+
+
| [[Macrolides]]||Erythromycin||I
 
|-
 
|-
| Macrolides||Erythromycin||+/-
+
| ||[[Azithromycin]]||I
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Azithromycin||+/-
+
| ||Clarithromycin||I
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Clarithromycin||+/-
+
| Ketolide||Telithromycin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Ketolide||Telithromycin||+
+
| Tetracyclines||[[Doxycycline]]||I
 
|-
 
|-
| Tetracyclines||Doxycycline||+/-
+
| ||Minocycline||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Minocycline||+
+
| Glycylcycline||Tigecycline||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Glycylcycline||Tigecycline||+
+
| ||Daptomycin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides||Vancomycin||+
+
| Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides||[[Vancomycin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Teicoplanin||+
+
| ||Teicoplanin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Telavancin||+
+
| ||Telavancin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Fusidic Acid||+/-
+
| ||Fusidic Acid||I
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Trimethoprim||+
+
| ||Trimethoprim||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||TMP-SMX||+
+
| ||[[TMP-SMX]]||X3
 
|-
 
|-
| Urinary Agents||Nitrofurantoin||+
+
| Urinary Agents||[[Nitrofurantoin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||Fosfomycin||
 
| ||Fosfomycin||
 
|-
 
|-
| Other||Rifampin||+
+
| Other||[[Rifampin]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Metronidazole||0
+
| ||[[Metronidazole]]||R
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Quinupristin dalfoppristin||+
+
| ||Quinupristin dalfoppristin||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Linezolid||+
+
| ||[[Linezolid]]||S
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Daptomycin||+
+
| ||Colistimethate||R
|-
 
| ||Colistimethate||0
 
 
|}
 
|}
 +
===Key===
 +
{{Template:Antibacterial Spectra Key}}
  
 
==Table Overview==
 
==Table Overview==
Line 148: Line 152:
  
 
==See Also==
 
==See Also==
*[[Microbiology (Main)==
+
*[[Microbiology (Main)]]
  
 +
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
 +
 
[[Category:ID]]
 
[[Category:ID]]

Latest revision as of 19:47, 13 December 2016

Background

  • Gram Positive cocci in pairs/chains
  • Streptococcus pyogenes = Group A

Antibiotic Sensitivities[1]

Category Antibiotic Strep. Group A, B, C, G
Penicillins Penicillin G S
Penicillin V S
Methicillin S
Nafcillin/Oxacillin S
Cloxacillin/Diclox. S
Amino-Penicillins AMP/Amox S
Amox-Clav S
AMP-Sulb S
Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins Ticarcillin S
Ticar-Clav S
Pip-Tazo S
Piperacillin S
Carbapenems Doripenem S
Ertapenem S
Imipenem S
Meropenem S
Aztreonam R
Fluroquinolones Ciprofloxacin I
Ofloxacin I
Pefloxacin R
Levofloxacin S
Moxifloxacin S
Gemifloxacin S
Gatifloxacin S
1st G Cephalo Cefazolin S
2nd G. Cephalo Cefotetan S
Cefoxitin S
Cefuroxime S
3rd/4th G. Cephalo Cefotaxime S
Cefizoxime S
CefTRIAXone S
Ceftaroline S
CefTAZidime S
Cefepime S
Oral 1st G. Cephalo Cefadroxil S
Cephalexin S
Oral 2nd G. Cephalo Cefaclor/Loracarbef S
Cefproxil S
Cefuroxime axetil S
Oral 3rd G. Cephalo Cefixime S
Ceftibuten S
Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren S
Aminoglycosides Gentamicin R
Tobramycin R
Amikacin R
Chloramphenicol S
Clindamycin S
Macrolides Erythromycin I
Azithromycin I
Clarithromycin I
Ketolide Telithromycin S
Tetracyclines Doxycycline I
Minocycline S
Glycylcycline Tigecycline S
Daptomycin S
Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides Vancomycin S
Teicoplanin S
Telavancin S
Fusidic Acid I
Trimethoprim S
TMP-SMX X3
Urinary Agents Nitrofurantoin S
Fosfomycin
Other Rifampin S
Metronidazole R
Quinupristin dalfoppristin S
Linezolid S
Colistimethate R

Key

  • S susceptible/sensitive (usually)
  • I intermediate (variably susceptible/resistant)
  • R resistant (or not effective clinically)
  • S+ synergistic with cell wall antibiotics
  • U sensitive for UTI only (non systemic infection)
  • X1 no data
  • X2 active in vitro, but not used clinically
  • X3 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for Group A strep pharyngitis or infections due to E. faecalis
  • X4 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for strep pneumonia

Table Overview

See Also

References

  1. Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014