Difference between revisions of "Taenia saginata"

(Evaluation)
 
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*Flatulence
 
*Flatulence
 
*Hunger pain
 
*Hunger pain
*[[Weight loss]]
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*Weight loss
 
*Anal discomfort
 
*Anal discomfort
  
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==Evaluation==
 
==Evaluation==
 
*Stool studies to detect ova and proglottids
 
*Stool studies to detect ova and proglottids
*CBC may show eosinophilia
+
*CBC may show [[eosinophilia]]
*CT/MRI/LP if concern for neurocysticercosis
+
*[[head CT|CT]]/[[brain MRI|MRI]]/[[LP]] if concern for [[neurocysticercosis]]
  
 
==Management==
 
==Management==
 
*[[Praziquantel]] - single dose of 5-10mg/kg
 
*[[Praziquantel]] - single dose of 5-10mg/kg
*Albendazole
+
*[[Albendazole]]
 
*May give both albendazole and praziquantel for severe infections
 
*May give both albendazole and praziquantel for severe infections
  

Latest revision as of 01:22, 2 October 2019

Background

  • Also known as the beef tapeworm
  • Humans are the only known definitive host, cattle are intermediate hosts

Transmission

  • Transmitted by ingesting undercooked beef containing the tapeworm larvae
  • Larvae mature in the human intestines and the mature tapeworm attaches to the intestinal walls to ingest nutrients from the host
  • Mature tapeworms release gravid proglottids in the stool which release eggs into the stool, which can remain active in sewage for several weeks

Clinical Features

  • Often asymptommatic

Symptoms are more severe in those with immature or compromised immune systems

Differential Diagnosis

Helminth infections

Cestodes (Tapeworms)

Trematodes (Flukes)

Nematodes (Roundworms)

Evaluation

Management

  • Praziquantel - single dose of 5-10mg/kg
  • Albendazole
  • May give both albendazole and praziquantel for severe infections

Disposition

See Also

References