Difference between revisions of "Taenia saginata"

(Created page with "==Background== * also known as the beef tapeworm * humans are the only known definitive host, cattle are intermediate hosts ==Transmission== * transmitted by ingesting underc...")
 
(Evaluation)
 
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==Background==
 
==Background==
* also known as the beef tapeworm
+
*Also known as the beef tapeworm
* humans are the only known definitive host, cattle are intermediate hosts
+
*Humans are the only known definitive host, cattle are intermediate hosts
  
==Transmission==
+
===Transmission===
* transmitted by ingesting undercooked beef containing the tapeworm larvae
+
*Transmitted by ingesting undercooked beef containing the tapeworm larvae
* larvae mature in the human intestines and the mature tapeworm attaches to the intestinal walls to ingest nutrients from the host
+
*Larvae mature in the human intestines and the mature tapeworm attaches to the intestinal walls to ingest nutrients from the host
* mature tapeworms release gravid proglottids in the stool which release eggs into the stool, which can remain active in sewage for several weeks
+
*Mature tapeworms release gravid proglottids in the stool which release eggs into the stool, which can remain active in sewage for several weeks
  
==Signs and Symptoms==
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==Clinical Features==
* symptoms include diarrhea, constipation, flatulence, hunger pain, weight loss, and appendicitis, as well as discomfort of the proglottids crawling out of the anus
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*Often asymptommatic
* symptoms are more severe in those with immature or compromised immune systems
+
''Symptoms are more severe in those with immature or compromised immune systems''
  
==Treatment==
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*[[Diarrhea]]
* praziquantel, single dose of 5-10 mg/kg (2)
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*[[Constipation]]
* niclosamide outside the U.S. (single dose of 2 gm or 50 mg/kg for pediatrics) (2)
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*Flatulence
 +
*Hunger pain
 +
*Weight loss
 +
*Anal discomfort
  
 +
==Differential Diagnosis==
 +
{{Helminth Types}}
 +
 +
==Evaluation==
 +
*Stool studies to detect ova and proglottids
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*CBC may show [[eosinophilia]]
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*[[head CT|CT]]/[[brain MRI|MRI]]/[[LP]] if concern for [[neurocysticercosis]]
 +
 +
==Management==
 +
*[[Praziquantel]] - single dose of 5-10mg/kg
 +
*[[Albendazole]]
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*May give both albendazole and praziquantel for severe infections
 +
 +
==Disposition==
  
  
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==References==
 
==References==
*1. Stanford University (n.d.). Taenia saginata. Retrieved from http://web.stanford.edu/group/parasites/ParaSites2001/taeniasis/saginata3.html
+
<references/>
*2. Pearson RD. Merck Manual. ''Taenia Saginata infection'' Retrieved from http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/cestodes-(tapeworms)/taenia-saginata-(beef-tapeworm)-infection
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[[Category:ID]]
 
[[Category:ID]]

Latest revision as of 01:22, 2 October 2019

Background

  • Also known as the beef tapeworm
  • Humans are the only known definitive host, cattle are intermediate hosts

Transmission

  • Transmitted by ingesting undercooked beef containing the tapeworm larvae
  • Larvae mature in the human intestines and the mature tapeworm attaches to the intestinal walls to ingest nutrients from the host
  • Mature tapeworms release gravid proglottids in the stool which release eggs into the stool, which can remain active in sewage for several weeks

Clinical Features

  • Often asymptommatic

Symptoms are more severe in those with immature or compromised immune systems

Differential Diagnosis

Helminth infections

Cestodes (Tapeworms)

Trematodes (Flukes)

Nematodes (Roundworms)

Evaluation

Management

  • Praziquantel - single dose of 5-10mg/kg
  • Albendazole
  • May give both albendazole and praziquantel for severe infections

Disposition

See Also

References