Tobramycin

Revision as of 07:48, 18 March 2017 by Unenthusiastic (talk | contribs) (Special Populations)

General

  • Type:
  • Dosage Forms: IV
  • Common Trade Names:
  • Nephro- and oto- toxic.

Adult Dosing

CrCl > 80: 1 - 1.7 mg/kg iv q 8 h. CrCl 80-50: q 8 - 12 h.


.

Pediatric Dosing

Special Populations

  • Pregnancy Rating:
  • Lactation:
  • Renal Dosing
    • Adult
      • CrCl 50-10: 1 - 1.7 mg/kg iv q 12- 48 hrs
      • CrCl < 10: > 1 - 1.7 mg/kg iv q 48, dose on peak/trough levels
      • Hemodialysis: 1 mg/kg after dialysis
    • Pediatric
  • Hepatic Dosing
    • Adult
    • Pediatric

Contraindications

  • Allergy to class/drug

Adverse Reactions

Serious

Common

Pharmacology

  • Half-life:
  • Metabolism:
  • Excretion:
  • Mechanism of Action:

Antibiotic Sensitivities[1]

Group Organism Sensitivity
Gram Positive Strep. Group A, B, C, G R
Strep. Pneumoniae R
Viridans strep X1
Strep. anginosus gp X1
Enterococcus faecalis S
Enterococcus faecium R
MSSA S
MRSA R
CA-MRSA X1
Staph. Epidermidis I
C. jeikeium R
L. monocytogenes S
Gram Negatives N. gonorrhoeae R
N. meningitidis R
Moraxella catarrhalis S
H. influenzae S
E. coli S
Klebsiella sp S
E. coli/Klebsiella ESBL+ S
E coli/Klebsiella KPC+ R
Enterobacter sp, AmpC neg S
Enterobacter sp, AmpC pos S
Serratia sp X1
Serratia marcescens S
Salmonella sp X1
Shigella sp S
Proteus mirabilis X1
Proteus vulgaris S
Providencia sp. X1
Morganella sp. X1
Citrobacter freundii X1
Citrobacter diversus X1
Citrobacter sp. X1
Aeromonas sp X1
Acinetobacter sp. R
Pseudomonas aeruginosa S
Burkholderia cepacia R
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia R
Yersinia enterocolitica S
Francisella tularensis S
Brucella sp. S+'
Legionella sp. X1
Pasteurella multocida X1
Haemophilus ducreyi X1
Vibrio vulnificus I
Misc Chlamydophila sp R
Mycoplasm pneumoniae R
Rickettsia sp R
Mycobacterium avium X1
Anaerobes Actinomyces R
Bacteroides fragilis R
Prevotella melaninogenica R
Clostridium difficile R
Clostridium (not difficile) X1
Fusobacterium necrophorum R
Peptostreptococcus sp. R

Key

  • S susceptible/sensitive (usually)
  • I intermediate (variably susceptible/resistant)
  • R resistant (or not effective clinically)
  • S+ synergistic with cell wall antibiotics
  • U sensitive for UTI only (non systemic infection)
  • X1 no data
  • X2 active in vitro, but not used clinically
  • X3 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for Group A strep pharyngitis or infections due to E. faecalis
  • X4 active in vitro, but not clinically effective for strep pneumonia

See Also

Source

  1. Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2014