Difference between revisions of "Torticollis"

(See Also)
(Differential Diagnosis)
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==Differential Diagnosis==
 
==Differential Diagnosis==
 
{{Neck pain DDX}}
 
{{Neck pain DDX}}
*Anterior horn disease
+
 
*[[cervical spine fractures and dislocations|C1 and C2 fractures]]
+
{{Jaw spasms DDX}}
*Radiculopathy
 
  
 
==Evaluation==
 
==Evaluation==

Revision as of 13:19, 14 November 2020

Background

  • Common term for various conditions of head and neck dystonia
  • Spasmodic torticollis is an abnormal contraction of the muscle in one side of the neck.
  • Cause is generally idiopathic (80-90%)

Clinical Features

  • Neck pain with inability to fully range laterally

Differential Diagnosis

Neck pain

Jaw Spasms

Evaluation

  • Clinical Diagnosis
  • Consider cervical X-ray to rule out fracture or dislocation (unlikely to be necessary if no midline tenderness or history of trauma)

Management

Acute

Chronic

  • Benztropine
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Physical Therapy

Disposition

  • Discharge

See Also

References