Difference between revisions of "Torticollis"

(Differential Diagnosis)
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==Differential Diagnosis==
==Differential Diagnosis==
{{Neck pain DDX}}
{{Neck pain DDX}}
*Anterior horn disease
{{Jaw spasms DDX}}
*[[cervical spine fractures and dislocations|C1 and C2 fractures]]
{{Movement disorder DDX}}
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==See Also==
==See Also==
*[[Neck pain]]
*[[Neck pain]]
*[[Dystonic reaction]]

Latest revision as of 13:47, 14 November 2020


  • Common term for various conditions of head and neck dystonia
  • Spasmodic torticollis is an abnormal contraction of the muscle in one side of the neck.
  • Cause is generally idiopathic (80-90%)

Clinical Features

  • Neck pain with inability to fully range laterally

Differential Diagnosis

Neck pain

Jaw Spasms

Movement Disorders and Other Abnormal Contractions


  • Clinical Diagnosis
  • Consider cervical X-ray to rule out fracture or dislocation (unlikely to be necessary if no midline tenderness or history of trauma)




  • Benztropine
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Physical Therapy


  • Discharge

See Also