Difference between revisions of "Undifferentiated shock"

(Differential Diagnosis)
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#Volume Status
 
#Volume Status
 
##What is the LV end-diastolic volume?
 
##What is the LV end-diastolic volume?
###Approximated by the IVC diameter or CVP
+
###Approximated by the [[Ultrasound: IVC|IVC diameter]] or CVP
 
###If low:
 
###If low:
 
####Assess for blood loss versus fluid loss
 
####Assess for blood loss versus fluid loss
#####FAST for intra-abdominal bleed
+
#####[[Ultrasound: FAST|FAST]] for intra-abdominal bleed
#####US for ruptured AAA
+
#####US for ruptured [[Ultrasound: AAA|AAA]]
 
#####Guaiac for GI bleed
 
#####Guaiac for GI bleed
 
#####CXR for hemothorax
 
#####CXR for hemothorax
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#Contractility
 
#Contractility
 
##Is the myocardium severely depressed in its contractile function (cardiogenic shock)?
 
##Is the myocardium severely depressed in its contractile function (cardiogenic shock)?
###Assess via ultrasound
+
###Assess via [[Ultrasound: In Shock and Hypotension|ultrasound]]
 
###Treat w/ inotrope
 
###Treat w/ inotrope
 
##Is forward flow occurring?
 
##Is forward flow occurring?

Revision as of 03:23, 22 May 2014

Undifferentiated Hypotension Algorithm

Check/manage the following in order:

  1. Pulse (assess based on pt's age)
    1. Too slow or too fast (to the point where CO is affected)?
      1. If so, HR is likely primary etiology of hypotension
      2. Pace or cardiovert
  2. Volume Status
    1. What is the LV end-diastolic volume?
      1. Approximated by the IVC diameter or CVP
      2. If low:
        1. Assess for blood loss versus fluid loss
          1. FAST for intra-abdominal bleed
          2. US for ruptured AAA
          3. Guaiac for GI bleed
          4. CXR for hemothorax
        2. Treat with IVF and/or pRBC depending on cause
  3. Contractility
    1. Is the myocardium severely depressed in its contractile function (cardiogenic shock)?
      1. Assess via ultrasound
      2. Treat w/ inotrope
    2. Is forward flow occurring?
      1. Assess for valvular dysfunction (MR, AR)
      2. Assess for obstruction (PE, tamponade)
  4. Systemic Vascular Resistance
    1. Pathologic vasodilation (decreased SVR) suggested by:
      1. Warm extremities
      2. Bounding pulse
    2. Treated based on likely etiology of distributive shock (see below)

Differential Diagnosis

  1. Cardiogenic
    1. Acute valvular Regurgitation/VSD
    2. CHF
    3. Dysrhythmia
    4. ACS
    5. Myocardial Contusion
    6. Myocarditis
  2. Obstructive
    1. Air embolism
    2. Aortic Stenosis
    3. Cardiac Tamponade
    4. PE
    5. Tension Pneumothorax
  3. Distributive
    1. Adrenal Crisis
    2. Anaphylaxis
    3. Neurogenic Shock
    4. Sepsis
    5. Toxicologic
  4. Hypovolemic
    1. Hemorrhage (traumatic and non-traumatic)
    2. Severe dehydration

See Also

Source

  • Tintinalli
  • Morchi, Undifferentiated Hypotension and Shock, All LA Conference, 05/06/2010