Undifferentiated shock

Revision as of 03:16, 7 May 2012 by Jswartz (talk | contribs)

Definition

  1. SBP <90 in normal pt
  2. SBP <100 with h/o HTN or age >60
  3. Lactate > 4 or base def < -4

Types

Type Skin HR Oth
Hypovolemic cold inc
Obstructive cold inc
Cardiogenic cold inc/dec  ?dysth
Distributive warm inc
Neurogenic warm dec

Undifferentiated Hypotension Algorithm

Check/manage the following in order:

  1. Pulse (assess based on pt's age)
    1. Too slow or too fast (to the point where CO is affected)?
      1. If so, HR is likely primary etiology of hypotension
      2. Pace or cardiovert
  1. Volume Status
    1. What is the LV end-diastolic volume?
      1. Approximated by the CVP or IVC diameter
      2. If low:
        1. Assess for blood loss versus fluid loss
          1. FAST for intra-abdominal bleed
          2. US for ruptured AAA
          3. Guaiac for GI bleed
          4. CXR for hemothorax
        2. Treat with IVF and/or pRBC depending on cause
  1. Contractility
    1. Is the myocardium severely depressed in its contractile function?
      1. Assess via ultrasound, bounding/thready pulse, hyperdynamic precordium
    2. Is forward flow occurring?
      1. Assess for valvular dysfunction (MR, AR)
      2. Assess for obstruction (PE, HOCM)
  1. Systemic Vascular Resistance
    1. Pathologic vasodilation (decreased SVR) suggested by:
      1. Warm extremities
      2. Bounding pulse
    2. Treat with transfusion versus inotrope (see Sepsis)

Lack of Response to Normal Tx (DDX)

  1. Cardiogenic
    1. Acute Valvular Regurg/VSD
    2. CHF
    3. Dysrhythmia
    4. Ischemia/Infarction
    5. Myocardial Contusion/Myocarditis
  2. Obstructive
    1. Air embolism
    2. Aortic Stenosis
    3. Cardiac Tamponade
    4. Massive PE
    5. Tension Pneumo
  3. Distributive
    1. Adrenal Crisis
    2. Anaphylaxis
    3. Neurogenic
    4. Sepsis
    5. Toxicologic
  4. Hypovolemic
    1. Hemorrhage Traumatic and Non-traumatic
    2. Severe Dehydration

See Also

Source

2/06 DONALDSON (Adapted from Tintinalli)

Morchi 2010