Difference between revisions of "United States Antibiogram"

(Gram Positives)
(Gram Positives)
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==[[Gram Positives]]==
 
==[[Gram Positives]]==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Category'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Antibiotic'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Gram Positive'''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[Strep. Group A, B, C, G]]'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[Strep. Pneumoniae]]'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[Viridans strep]]'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[Strep. milleri]]'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[Enterococcus faecalis]]'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[Enterococcus faecium]]'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Staph. aureus ([[MSSA]])'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Staph. aureus ([[MRSA]])'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Staph. aureus ([[CA-MRSA]])'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[Staph. Epidermidis]]'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[C. jeikeium]]'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[L. monocytogenes]]'''
|-
 
| Category||Antibiotic||[[Strep. Group A, B, C, G]]||[[Strep. Pneumoniae]]||[[Viridans strep]]||[[Strep. milleri]]||[[Enterococcus faecalis]]||[[Enterococcus faecium]]||Staph. aureus ([[MSSA]])||Staph. aureus ([[MRSA]])||Staph. aureus ([[CA-MRSA]])||[[Staph. Epidermidis]]||[[C. jeikeium]]||[[L. monocytogenes]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Penicillins]]||[[Penicillin G]]||+||+||+/-||+||+||+/-||0||0||0||0||0||+
 
| [[Penicillins]]||[[Penicillin G]]||+||+||+/-||+||+||+/-||0||0||0||0||0||+

Revision as of 20:19, 25 March 2014

Gram Positives

Category Antibiotic Strep. Group A, B, C, G Strep. Pneumoniae Viridans strep Strep. milleri Enterococcus faecalis Enterococcus faecium Staph. aureus (MSSA) Staph. aureus (MRSA) Staph. aureus (CA-MRSA) Staph. Epidermidis C. jeikeium L. monocytogenes
Penicillins Penicillin G + + +/- + + +/- 0 0 0 0 0 +
Penicillin V + + +/- + + +/- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins Methicillin + + +/- + 0 0 + 0 0 + 0 0
Nafcillin/Oxacillin + + +/- + 0 0 + 0 0 + 0 0
Dicloxacillin + + +/- + 0 0 + 0 0 + 0 0
Amino-Penicillins AMP/Amox + + +/- + + + 0 0 0 0 0 +
Amox-Clav + + +/- + + + + 0 0 0 0
AMP-Sulb + + +/- + + + + 0 0 0 0 +
Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins Ticarcillin + + +/- + +/- +/- 0 0 0 +/- 0 +
Ticar-Clav + + +/- + +/- +/- + 0 0 +/- 0
Pip-Tazo + + +/- + + +/- + 0 0 +
Carbapenems Doripenem + + + + +/- 0 + 0 0 + +
Ertapenem + + + + 0 0 + 0 0 + 0 +/-
Imipenem + + + + + +/- + 0 0 + 0 +
Meropenem + + + + +/- 0 + 0 0 + +
Aztreonam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fluroquinolones Ciprofloxacin +/- +/- 0 0 ^^ 0 + 0 +/- + 0 +
Ofloxacin +/- +/- 0 0 ^^ 0 + 0 + 0 0
Levofloxacin + + + + + 0 + 0 +/- + +
Moxifloxacin + + + + + +/- + +/- +/- + +
Gemifloxacin + + + + + +/- + +/- +/- + +
Gatifloxacin + + + + + +/- + +/- +/- + +
1st G Cephalo Cefazolin + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
2nd G Cephalo Cefotetan + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefoxitin + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefuroxime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
3rd/4th G Cephalo Cefotaxime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefizoxime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
CefTRIAXone + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Ceftaroline + + + + + + + +
CefTAZidime + + +/- 0 +/- 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefepime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0
Oral 1st G Cephalo Cefadroxil + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cephalexin + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Oral 2nd G Cephalo Cefaclor + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefproxil + + 0 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefuroxime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Oral 3rd G Cephalo Cefixime + + + 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ceftibuten + +/- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cefpodox/ Cefdinir/ Cefditoren + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0
Aminoglycosides Gentamicin 0 0 S S + 0 +/- 0 S
Tobramycin 0 0 S 0 + 0 +/- 0 S
Amikacin 0 0 S 0 + 0 +/- 0 S
Chloramphenicol + + +/- +/- +/- 0 0 0 +
Clindamycin + + 0 0 + 0 +/- 0 0
Macrolides Erythromycin +/- + 0 0 +/- 0 +/- +/- 0 +
Azithromycin +/- + 0 0 + 0 +/- 0 0 +
Clarithromycin +/- + 0 0 + 0 +/- 0 0 +
Ketolide Telithromycin + +/- +/- 0 + 0 +/- 0 0 +
Tetracyclines Doxycycline +/- + 0 0 +/- +/- + 0 0 +
Minocycline + + 0 0 +/- +/- + 0 0 +
Glycylcycline Tigecycline + + + + + + + + + +
Sulfonamides TMP-SMX + + + 0 + + + +/- 0 +
Urinary Agents Nitrofurantoin + + + + + + + 0
Fosfomycin + +/-
Other Rifampin + + +/- 0 + + + + 0 +
Metronidazole 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 + 0
Quinupristin-dalfoppristin + + 0 + + + + + + +
Linezolid + + + + + + + + + +
Daptomycin + + + + + + + + 0 +/-
Colistimethate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Telavancin + + + + + + + + + +
Vancomycin + + + +/- + + + + + +

Gram Negatives

' ' N. gonorrhoeae
Penicillins Penicillin G 0
Penicillin V 0
Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins Methicillin 0
Nafcillin/Oxacillin 0
Cloxacillin/Diclox. 0
Amino-Penicillins AMP/Amox 0
Amox-Clav +
AMP-Sulb +
Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins Ticarcillin +
Ticar-Clav +
Pip-Tazo +
Carbapenems Piperacillin +
Doripenem +
Ertapenem +
Imipenem +
Meropenem +
Aztreonam +
Fluroquinolones Ciprofloxacin +*
Ofloxacin +*
Pefloxacin +*
Levofloxacin +*
Moxifloxacin +*
Gemifloxacin
Gatifloxacin +*
1st G Cephalosporins Cefazolin +
2nd G. Cephalosporins Cefotetan +/-
Cefoxitin +/-
Cefuroxime +/-
3rd/4th G. Cephalosporins Cefotaxime +/-
Cefizoxime +/-
CefTRIAXone +
Ceftobiprole +
Ceftaroline +
CefTAZidime +/-
Cefepime +
Oral 1st G. Cephalosporins Cefadroxil 0
Cephalexin 0
Oral 2nd G. Cephalosporins Cefaclor/Loracarbef +/-
Cefproxil +/-
Cefuroxime axetil +/-
Oral 3rd G. Cephalosporins Cefixime +
Ceftibuten +/-
Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren +
Aminoglycosides Gentamicin 0
Tobramycin 0
Amikacin 0
Chloramphenicol +
Clindamycin 0
Macrolides Erythromycin +/-
Azithromycin +/-
Clarithromycin +/-
Ketolide Telithromycin +
Tetracyclines Doxycycline +/-
Minocycline +/-
Glycylcycline Tigecycline +
Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides Vancomycin 0
Teicoplanin 0
Telavancin 0
Fusidic Acid +
Trimethoprim 0
TMP-SMX +/-
Urinary Agents Nitrofurantoin +
Fosfomycin +
Other Rifampin +
Metronidazole 0
Quinupristin dalfoppristin +
Linezolid
Daptomycin 0
Colistimethate 0

Key

  • + usually effective clinically or >60% susceptible
  • +/- clinical trials lacking or 30-60% susceptible
  • 0 not effective clinically or <30% susceptible
  • blank data not available

See Also

Source

Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2010