Difference between revisions of "United States Antibiogram"

(Gram Positives)
(Gram Negatives)
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==Gram Negatives==
 
==Gram Negatives==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Category'''
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|''''''
+
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''Antibiotic'''
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[N. gonorrhoeae]]'''
 
| align="center" style="background:#f0f0f0;"|'''[[N. gonorrhoeae]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| Penicillins||[[Penicillin G]]||0
+
| [[Penicillins]]||[[Penicillin G]]||0
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Penicillin V]]||0
 
| ||[[Penicillin V]]||0
 
|-
 
|-
| Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins||Methicillin||0
+
| Anti-Staphylocccal [[Penicillins]]||Methicillin||0
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||Nafcillin/Oxacillin||0
 
| ||Nafcillin/Oxacillin||0
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cloxacillin/Diclox.||0
+
| ||Dicloxacillin||0
 
|-
 
|-
| Amino-Penicillins||[[AMP]]/[[Amox]]||0
+
| Amino-[[Penicillins]]||[[AMP]]/[[Amox]]||0
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Amox-Clav]]||+
 
| ||[[Amox-Clav]]||+
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| ||[[AMP-Sulb]]||+
 
| ||[[AMP-Sulb]]||+
 
|-
 
|-
| Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins||[[Ticarcillin]]||+
+
| Anti-Pseudomonal [[Penicillins]]||[[Ticarcillin]]||+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Ticar-Clav]]||+
 
| ||[[Ticar-Clav]]||+
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| ||[[Pip-Tazo]]||+
 
| ||[[Pip-Tazo]]||+
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Carbapenems]]||Piperacillin||+
+
| [[Carbapenems]]||Doripenem||+
|-
 
| ||Doripenem||+
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Ertapenem]]||+
 
| ||[[Ertapenem]]||+
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|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Ofloxacin]]||+*
 
| ||[[Ofloxacin]]||+*
|-
 
| ||Pefloxacin||+*
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Levofloxacin]]||+*
 
| ||[[Levofloxacin]]||+*
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| ||Gatifloxacin||+*
 
| ||Gatifloxacin||+*
 
|-
 
|-
| 1st G [[Cephalosporins]]||Cefazolin||+
+
| 1st G [[Cephalo]]||Cefazolin||+
 
|-
 
|-
| 2nd G. [[Cephalosporins]]||[[Cefotetan]]||+/-
+
| 2nd G [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefotetan]]||+/-
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Cefoxitin]]||+/-
 
| ||[[Cefoxitin]]||+/-
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| ||[[Cefuroxime]]||+/-
 
| ||[[Cefuroxime]]||+/-
 
|-
 
|-
| 3rd/4th G. [[Cephalosporins]]||[[Cefotaxime]]||+/-
+
| 3rd/4th G [[Cephalo]]||[[Cefotaxime]]||+/-
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||Cefizoxime||+/-
 
| ||Cefizoxime||+/-
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[CefTRIAXone]]||+
 
| ||[[CefTRIAXone]]||+
|-
 
| ||Ceftobiprole||+
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||Ceftaroline||+
 
| ||Ceftaroline||+
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| ||[[Cefepime]]||+
 
| ||[[Cefepime]]||+
 
|-
 
|-
| Oral 1st G. [[Cephalosporins]]||Cefadroxil||0
+
| Oral 1st G [[Cephalo]]||Cefadroxil||0
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Cephalexin]]||0
 
| ||[[Cephalexin]]||0
 
|-
 
|-
| Oral 2nd G. [[Cephalosporins]]||Cefaclor/Loracarbef||+/-
+
| Oral 2nd G [[Cephalo]]||Cefaclor||+/-
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||Cefproxil||+/-
 
| ||Cefproxil||+/-
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefuroxime axetil||+/-
+
| ||Cefuroxime||+/-
 
|-
 
|-
| Oral 3rd G. [[Cephalosporins]]||Cefixime||+
+
| Oral 3rd G [[Cephalo]]||Cefixime||+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||Ceftibuten||+/-
 
| ||Ceftibuten||+/-
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Cefpodox/Cefdinir/Cefditoren||+
+
| ||Cefpodox/ Cefdinir/ Cefditoren||+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[Aminoglycosides]]||[[Gentamicin]]||0
 
| [[Aminoglycosides]]||[[Gentamicin]]||0
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| Glycylcycline||Tigecycline||+
 
| Glycylcycline||Tigecycline||+
 
|-
 
|-
| Glyco/Lipoclycopeptides||[[Vancomycin]]||0
+
| Sulfonamides||[[TMP-SMX]]||+/-
|-
 
| ||Teicoplanin||0
 
|-
 
| ||Telavancin||0
 
|-
 
| ||Fusidic Acid||+
 
|-
 
| ||Trimethoprim||0
 
|-
 
| ||[[TMP-SMX]]||+/-
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Urinary Agents||[[Nitrofurantoin]]||+
 
| Urinary Agents||[[Nitrofurantoin]]||+
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| ||[[Metronidazole]]||0
 
| ||[[Metronidazole]]||0
 
|-
 
|-
| ||Quinupristin dalfoppristin||+
+
| ||Quinupristin-dalfoppristin||+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ||[[Linezolid]]||
 
| ||[[Linezolid]]||
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|-
 
|-
 
| ||Colistimethate||0
 
| ||Colistimethate||0
 +
|-
 +
| ||Telavancin||0
 +
|-
 +
| ||[[Vancomycin]]||0
 
|}
 
|}
  

Revision as of 20:20, 25 March 2014

Gram Positives

Category Antibiotic Strep. Group A, B, C, G Strep. Pneumoniae Viridans strep Strep. milleri Enterococcus faecalis Enterococcus faecium Staph. aureus (MSSA) Staph. aureus (MRSA) Staph. aureus (CA-MRSA) Staph. Epidermidis C. jeikeium L. monocytogenes
Penicillins Penicillin G + + +/- + + +/- 0 0 0 0 0 +
Penicillin V + + +/- + + +/- 0 0 0 0 0 0
Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins Methicillin + + +/- + 0 0 + 0 0 + 0 0
Nafcillin/Oxacillin + + +/- + 0 0 + 0 0 + 0 0
Dicloxacillin + + +/- + 0 0 + 0 0 + 0 0
Amino-Penicillins AMP/Amox + + +/- + + + 0 0 0 0 0 +
Amox-Clav + + +/- + + + + 0 0 0 0
AMP-Sulb + + +/- + + + + 0 0 0 0 +
Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins Ticarcillin + + +/- + +/- +/- 0 0 0 +/- 0 +
Ticar-Clav + + +/- + +/- +/- + 0 0 +/- 0
Pip-Tazo + + +/- + + +/- + 0 0 +
Carbapenems Doripenem + + + + +/- 0 + 0 0 + +
Ertapenem + + + + 0 0 + 0 0 + 0 +/-
Imipenem + + + + + +/- + 0 0 + 0 +
Meropenem + + + + +/- 0 + 0 0 + +
Aztreonam 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fluroquinolones Ciprofloxacin +/- +/- 0 0 ^^ 0 + 0 +/- + 0 +
Ofloxacin +/- +/- 0 0 ^^ 0 + 0 + 0 0
Levofloxacin + + + + + 0 + 0 +/- + +
Moxifloxacin + + + + + +/- + +/- +/- + +
Gemifloxacin + + + + + +/- + +/- +/- + +
Gatifloxacin + + + + + +/- + +/- +/- + +
1st G Cephalo Cefazolin + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
2nd G Cephalo Cefotetan + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefoxitin + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefuroxime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
3rd/4th G Cephalo Cefotaxime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefizoxime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
CefTRIAXone + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Ceftaroline + + + + + + + +
CefTAZidime + + +/- 0 +/- 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefepime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0
Oral 1st G Cephalo Cefadroxil + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cephalexin + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Oral 2nd G Cephalo Cefaclor + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefproxil + + 0 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Cefuroxime + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0 0
Oral 3rd G Cephalo Cefixime + + + 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ceftibuten + +/- 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cefpodox/ Cefdinir/ Cefditoren + + + 0 + 0 0 +/- 0
Aminoglycosides Gentamicin 0 0 S S + 0 +/- 0 S
Tobramycin 0 0 S 0 + 0 +/- 0 S
Amikacin 0 0 S 0 + 0 +/- 0 S
Chloramphenicol + + +/- +/- +/- 0 0 0 +
Clindamycin + + 0 0 + 0 +/- 0 0
Macrolides Erythromycin +/- + 0 0 +/- 0 +/- +/- 0 +
Azithromycin +/- + 0 0 + 0 +/- 0 0 +
Clarithromycin +/- + 0 0 + 0 +/- 0 0 +
Ketolide Telithromycin + +/- +/- 0 + 0 +/- 0 0 +
Tetracyclines Doxycycline +/- + 0 0 +/- +/- + 0 0 +
Minocycline + + 0 0 +/- +/- + 0 0 +
Glycylcycline Tigecycline + + + + + + + + + +
Sulfonamides TMP-SMX + + + 0 + + + +/- 0 +
Urinary Agents Nitrofurantoin + + + + + + + 0
Fosfomycin + +/-
Other Rifampin + + +/- 0 + + + + 0 +
Metronidazole 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 + 0
Quinupristin-dalfoppristin + + 0 + + + + + + +
Linezolid + + + + + + + + + +
Daptomycin + + + + + + + + 0 +/-
Colistimethate 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Telavancin + + + + + + + + + +
Vancomycin + + + +/- + + + + + +

Gram Negatives

Category Antibiotic N. gonorrhoeae
Penicillins Penicillin G 0
Penicillin V 0
Anti-Staphylocccal Penicillins Methicillin 0
Nafcillin/Oxacillin 0
Dicloxacillin 0
Amino-Penicillins AMP/Amox 0
Amox-Clav +
AMP-Sulb +
Anti-Pseudomonal Penicillins Ticarcillin +
Ticar-Clav +
Pip-Tazo +
Carbapenems Doripenem +
Ertapenem +
Imipenem +
Meropenem +
Aztreonam +
Fluroquinolones Ciprofloxacin +*
Ofloxacin +*
Levofloxacin +*
Moxifloxacin +*
Gemifloxacin
Gatifloxacin +*
1st G Cephalo Cefazolin +
2nd G Cephalo Cefotetan +/-
Cefoxitin +/-
Cefuroxime +/-
3rd/4th G Cephalo Cefotaxime +/-
Cefizoxime +/-
CefTRIAXone +
Ceftaroline +
CefTAZidime +/-
Cefepime +
Oral 1st G Cephalo Cefadroxil 0
Cephalexin 0
Oral 2nd G Cephalo Cefaclor +/-
Cefproxil +/-
Cefuroxime +/-
Oral 3rd G Cephalo Cefixime +
Ceftibuten +/-
Cefpodox/ Cefdinir/ Cefditoren +
Aminoglycosides Gentamicin 0
Tobramycin 0
Amikacin 0
Chloramphenicol +
Clindamycin 0
Macrolides Erythromycin +/-
Azithromycin +/-
Clarithromycin +/-
Ketolide Telithromycin +
Tetracyclines Doxycycline +/-
Minocycline +/-
Glycylcycline Tigecycline +
Sulfonamides TMP-SMX +/-
Urinary Agents Nitrofurantoin +
Fosfomycin +
Other Rifampin +
Metronidazole 0
Quinupristin-dalfoppristin +
Linezolid
Daptomycin 0
Colistimethate 0
Telavancin 0
Vancomycin 0

Key

  • + usually effective clinically or >60% susceptible
  • +/- clinical trials lacking or 30-60% susceptible
  • 0 not effective clinically or <30% susceptible
  • blank data not available

See Also

Source

Sanford Guide to Antimicrobial Therapy 2010