Chlorate toxicity

Background

  • Potassium chlorate, barium chlorate, and sodium chlorate found in fireworks, match heads, and weed killers

Mechanism of Toxicity

  • Oxidizers and attackers of sulfhydryl groups
  • Cause methemoglobin formation

Clinical Presentation

Differential Diagnosis

Evaluation

  • Co-oximetry
  • Additional evaluation based on clinical presentation and presence of methemoglobinemia
  • No specific serum levels are available

Management

Disposition

External Links

References

Olson, K. Poisoning and Drug Overdose, 1999.