Non-thumb metacarpal fractures

Types

Differential Diagnosis

Hand and Finger Fractures

Treatment

General Fracture Management

  • Acute pain management
  • Open fractures require immediate IV antibiotics and urgent surgical washout
  • Neurovascular compromise from fracture requires emergent reduction and/or orthopedic intervention
  • Consider risk for compartment syndrome
  • If any limitation to range of motion, orthopedics will often perform elbow arthrocentesis to remove hemarthrosis which is often present
    • The purpose of this is to see whether range of motion is restored after aspiration since if it is not, this may be an indication for surgery
    • This is generally not necessary to perform in the ED but can be done for patient comfort

Metacarpal Fracture (Post-Reduction) Goals

Finger Shaft Angulation (degrees) Shaft Shortening (mm) Neck Angulation (degrees) Rotational Deformity
Index & Long Finger 10-20 2-5 10-15 None
Ring Finger 30 2-5 30-40 None
Little Finger 40 2-5 50-60 None

See Also

References