Sign out tools


  • In Emergency Medicine, we sign out very frequently relative to other fields.
  • Sign outs are common sources of preventable errors.
  • Many structured approaches to sign out have been developed.
  • Some of those structures have been studied and found to decrease preventable errors in sign out.


I-PASS mnemonic

Developed and validated in the pediatric field

  • Illness severity
  • Patient summary
  • Action list
  • Situation awareness and contingency planning
  • Synthesis by receiver

See Also

Residency: Basic Skills

External Links


  1. Amy J. Starmer, Nancy D. Spector, Rajendu Srivastava, April D. Allen, Christopher P. Landrigan, Theodore C. Sectish, the I-PASS Study Group. I-PASS, a Mnemonic to Standardize Verbal Handoffs.Pediatrics

February 2012, VOLUME 129 / ISSUE 2 [[Category:Category:Misc/General}}