Sore throat

Differential Diagnosis

Acute Sore Throat

Bacterial infections

Viral infections



Chronic Sore Throat

  • GERD
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • fungal infections (ex. candida)
  • chronic sinusitis with post nasal drip
  • inhalation of irritants (smoke, chlorine gas)
  • breathing dry air
  • glossopharyngeal neuralgia
  • Tumor:
    • Tongue
    • Larynx
    • Thyroid
  • monomyelocytic leukemia
  • Thyroiditis
  • Retained Foreign Body

See Also


  1. Melio, Frantz, and Laurel Berge. “Upper Respiratory Tract Infection.” In Rosen’s Emergency Medicine., 8th ed. Vol. 1, n.d.