Template:Cellulitis antibiotics

Tailor antibiotics by regional antibiogram[1]

Outpatient

Coverage primarily for Strep

MRSA coverage only necessary if cellulitis associated with: purulence, penetrating trauma, known MRSA colonization, IV drug use, or SIRS[2]

  • 5 day treatment duration, unless symptoms do not improve within that timeframe[2]
    • Cephalexin 500mg PO q6hrs OR
      • Add TMP/SMX DS 1 tab PO BID[3] if MRSA is suspected
      • Most cases of non-purulent cellulitis are caused by Strep. In these cases, the addition of TMP/SMX has been demonstrated to offer no clinical benefit over cephalexin alone.[4]
    • Clindamycin 450mg PO TID covers both Strep and Staph
    • Tetracyclines (like Doxycycline) should be avoided in non-purulent cellulitis due to high rates of Strep resistance[5]

Inpatient

Saltwater related cellulitis

coverage extended for Vibrio vulnificus

Freshwater related cellulitis

coverage extended for Aeromonas sp

  • Stevens D, et al. Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of skin and soft tissue infections: 2014 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;59(2):e10-e52
  • 2.0 2.1 Stevens D, et al. Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of skin and soft tissue infections: 2014 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2014;59(2):e10-e52
  • Cadena J, et al. Dose of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole to treat skin and skin structure infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy 55.12 (2011): 5430-5432.
  • Pallin D, et al. Clinical trial: comparative effectiveness of cephalexin plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole versus cephalexin alone for treatment of uncomplicated cellulitis: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical infectious diseases 56.12 (2013): 1754-1762
  • Traub, W and Leonhard, B. Comparative susceptibility of clinical group A, B, C, F, and G beta-hemolytic streptococcal isolates to 24 antimicrobial drugs. Chemotherapy 43.1 (1997):10-20.