Initial mechanical ventilation settings

(Redirected from Ventilation settings)

Overview

Initial ventilation settings

Disease Tidal Volume (mL/kg^) Respiratory Rate I:E PEEP FiO2
Normal lung 8 10-12 1:2 5 100%
Lung Protective (e.g. ARDS) 6 12-20 1:2 2-15 100%
Obstructive (e.g. bronchoconstriction) 6 5-8 1:4 5 100%
Hypovolemic 8 10-12 1:2 0-5 100%

^Ideal body weight

Normal Lung

  • FiO2 100% (1.0) and ween down
  • Rate 8-12/min
    • consider 5-6 for asthma with permissive hypercapnea
  • Mode
    • A/C = default (most)
    • SIMV = with obstructive airway disease and an intact respiratory effort (e.g. some COPD, asthma)
    • PC = with intact respiratory effort and non-severe respiratory failure (prefered in chronic vent)
  • PEEP 0-5 mmH20
  • Tidal volume: 5-8 cc/kg (eg. 500-600cc)
    • (adjust to plateau pressure <35 cmH20)
  • I/E 1:2
  • Pressure support: 5-8cm to overcome endotracheal tube

Lung Protective Strategy[1]

Background

  • To prevent or treat patients with ARDS or other lung injury
  • Indicated for all intubated patients who do not have obstructive lung disease (COPD, asthma)
  • Based on ARDSnet trial with demonstrated mortality benefit

Settings

  1. Mode
    • Assist control Volume
  2. Tidal Volume (lung protection)
    • Start 6-8cc/kg predicted body wt
      • Predicted body weight is used because a persons lung parenchyma does not increase in size as the person gains more weight.
    • Titrate down if peak pressure >30 mmHg
  3. Inspiratory Flow Rate (comfort)
    • More comfortable if higher rather than lower
    • Start at 60-80 LPM
  4. Respiratory Rate (titrate for ventilation)
    • Avg patient on ventilator requires 120mL/kg/min for eucapnia
    • Start 16-18 breaths/min
    • Maintain pH = 7.30-7.45
  5. FiO2/PEEP (titrate for oxygenation)
    • Move in tandem to achieve:
    • SpO2 BETWEEN 88-95%
    • PaO2 BETWEEN 55-80
FiO2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
PEEP 5 5 8 8 10 10 10 12 14 14 14 16 18 20 22 24

Obstruction Strategy

Background

Goal = Adequate time for expiration

Settings

  1. Mode
    • Assist Control Volume
  2. Tidal Volume
    • Vt = 6-8 cc/kg of Ideal Body Weight
      • Ideal Body Weight used because lung parenchyma does not increase in size as the person gains more weight
  3. Inspiratory Flow Rate
    • Set at 80-100 LPM to allow more expiration time
  4. FiO2/PEEP
    • Titrate FiO2 to desired SpO2
    • Set PEEP 0-4
  5. Respiratory Rate
    • Set low - 10 BPM
    • Adjust for I:E 1:4 or 1:5
    • Permissive hypercapnia to avoid breath stacking
      • Ok as long as pH > 7.00-7.10
      • Maintain plateau pressure <30[2]
        • If >30 go down on rate

Hypovolemic

  • Consider reducing PEEP to maintain adequate preload and prevent/minimize hypotension

Miscellaneous

Normally already set

  • Inspiratory flow rate = 60L/min (100L/min with asthma)
  • Sensitivity = 1-2 cmH2O

See Also

Mechanical Ventilation Pages

References

Authors:

Ross Donaldson