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Staphylococcus is a Gram-positive bacteria which includes several species that can cause a wide variety of infections through infection or the production of toxins.
The main coagulase-positive staphylococcus is Staphylococcus aureus, although not all strains of Staphylococcus aureus are coagulase positive.
- S. epidermidis is a commensal of the skin, but can cause severe infections in immunosuppression|immune-suppressed patients and those with central lines.
- S. saprophyticus is part of the normal vaginal flora, is predominantly implicated in urinary tract (e.g. UTI, pyelonephritis) infections.
- Staphylococcus hominis
- Rarely S. lugdunensis, S. schleiferi, and S. caprae cause infection.